"Let other pens dwell on guilt and misery"
Composer – Jonathan Dove
Librettist – Alasdair Middleton
Adapted from the novel by Jane Austen
Commissioned by Heritage Opera
Orchestral version commissioned by The Grange Festival
This newly-orchestrated version of Mansfield Park was commissioned from Jonathan Dove by The Grange Festival to celebrate the serendipity of two significant milestones for Hampshire occurring in 2017: the 200th anniversary of the death of Austen, and the inaugural season of The Grange Festival in the heart of the county with what promises to be a highly entertaining musical staging of one of her best-loved novels.
Mansfield Park was originally written by Jonathan Dove, to a libretto by Alasdair Middleton based on the novel by Jane Austen, for a cast of ten singers with four hands at one piano. The scale of this new version, with 13 musicians instead of piano, is ideally suited to the theatre of The Grange, and its setting in the magical estate hidden away in the Hampshire countryside, famed for its Greek Revival architecture and overlooking an ornamental lake. It can be imagined as Mansfield Park itself.
The commission also allows a continued relationship between the works of Austen, one of the world’s most recognised and admired authors, and Jonathan Dove, one of Britain’s most successful living composers. This orchestration of Mansfield Park follows a year in which Dove won a BASCA for The Monster in the Maze, a community opera commissioned by the London Symphony Orchestra, Berliner Philharmoniker and Festival d’Aix-en-Provence, conducted by Sir Simon Rattle in three separate productions.
Mansfield Park underpins the vision of The Grange Festival as a forum of international excellence in promoting and presenting the best, old and new, familiar and original.
David Parry is acknowledged as an inspirational champion of operatic, concert and symphonic repertoire across a vast range. He is known both for the re-appraisal of important lesser-known compositions and for a consistently fresh approach to established repertoire.
Significant credits include the world premiere of Jonathan Dove’s The Adventures of Pinocchio (in separate productions for Opera North and Staatstheater Stuttgart), Der Fliegender Holländer (for Portland Opera), Madama Butterfly (in Anthony Minghella’s production for ENO which earned him an Olivier Award), Così fan tutte and the premiere of Dove’s Flight (both for Glyndebourne Festival Opera) and Maria Stuarda (for Stockholm Royal Opera).
Much in demand from ensembles both in the UK and further afield, David Parry is regularly at the helm of orchestras including the London Philharmonic, Philharmonia, Royal Philharmonic, City of Birmingham, Halle, Academy of St Martin in the Fields and English Chamber Orchestra.
He has an extensive discography for Chandos and Opera Rara. His recording of Rossini Ermione won a Gramophone Award for best opera 2011.
Dick Bird’s designs for opera include LES PECHEURS DE PERLES (The Metropolitan Opera New York/English National Opera), LA DONNA DEL LAGO (Royal Opera House), BEATRICE ET BENEDICT and DER FREISCHUTZ ( L’Opéra Comique), THE MIKADO (Scottish Opera), NABUCCO (Opera National de Lorraine), COSI FAN TUTTE (The Bucharest National Opera/Garsington Opera), THE PASSION (Streetwise Opera), THE FIREWORK MAKER’S DAUGHTER (Royal Opera House), HOUSE OF THE DEAD (Opera North), UN SEGRETO D’IMPORTANZA (Teatro Communale di Bologna), SNEGUROCHKA (Wexford Festival Opera) THE GAMBLER and IL TRITTICO ( Opera Zuid) and DAS PORTRAIT (Bregenz Festival).
Ballets include David Bintley’s ALADDIN (Birmingham Royal Ballet), THE FIREBIRD (National Ballet of Japan). THE NUTCRACKER and SWAN LAKE (Star Dancers Ballet, Tokyo), SUMMERTIDE (Sarasota Ballet), LA BAYADERE (K Ballet Tokyo), and THE CANTERVILLE GHOST (English National Ballet)
In the theatre he has designed HAMLET and LA GRANDE MAGIE (La Comédie-Francaise), 12th NIGHT, THE TEMPEST, T’IS PITY SHE’S A WHORE (Teater Polski), AH, WILDERNESS! (The Young Vic), THE HUDSUCKER PROXY (Nuffield Southampton & Liverpool Everyman – UK THEATRE AWARD FOR BEST DESIGN), UNCLE VANYA (West Yorkshire Playhouse), LA COMEDIE DES ERREURS (Theatre Vidy), LEAR (The Crucible), LIGHT (Complicite) THE WALLS, OWEN MEANY and THE NIGHT SEASON (The National Theatre), HARVEST (Royal Court Theatre), THE ENCHANTED PIG and MONKEY (Young Vic) and OTHELLO and AS YOU LIKE IT (The Globe) . For Kate Bush, he designed the BEFORETHE DAWN series of concerts.
Forthcoming and current work includes: GASLIGHT (ATG UK Tour); ECHO’S END
(Salisbury Playhouse); ON THE TOWN (Open Air Theatre, Regent’s Park); CRAZY
FOR YOU (UK Tour)
UK Theatre Credits includes: IN THE HEIGHTS (King’s Cross Theatre); NIGHT
MUST FALL (Original Theatre Company & Salisbury Playhouse, UK Tour); PETER
AND THE STARCATCHER (Royal & Derngate, Northampton); ALADDIN (Qdos
Entertainment); RAGTIME; TITANIC (Charing Cross Theatre); THE RIVALS
(Bristol Old Vic, Liverpool Everyman & Citizen’s, Glasgow); CRAZY FOR YOU
(Watermill Theatre); ROMEO & JULIET (Kenneth Branagh Theatre Company,
Garrick, West End); TELL ME ON A SUNDAY (Watermill Theatre & UK Tour);
HEDDA GABLER; CINDERELLA; BEDROOM FARCE & SEPARATE TABLES
(Salisbury Playhouse); BEYOND THE FENCE (Arts Theatre); THE SMALLEST
SHOW ON EARTH (Mercury Colchester & UK Tour); OLIVER!; THE SECRET
ADVERSARY (Watermill Theatre); ADRIAN MOLE AGED 13 3/4: THE MUSICAL
(Leicester Curve); EACH HIS OWN WILDERNESS (Orange Tree Theatre); SIDE
SHOW; GREY GARDENS; CASA VALENTINA; NEXT FALL; IN THE HEIGHTS;
DOGFIGHT; THREE SISTERS; TITANIC; VICTOR VICTORIA; MACK AND
MABEL; PARADE; THE ILLUSION (Southwark Playhouse); GRIMM TALES
(Bargehouse & Shoreditch Town Hall); PRIVATE PEACEFUL (Tobacco Factory,
Bristol); TORO TORO (Northcott Exeter & UK Tour); THE MISER (Theatre Royal
Windsor & UK Tour); TABOO (Brixton Club House).
International theatre credits include: GASLIGHT (Ed Mirvish Theatre, Toronto);
TITANIC (Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto); DEATH AND THE MAIDEN;
EDUCATING RITA (English Theatre Frankfurt); PHANTOM OF THE OPERA
(Operetta Theatre, Bucharest); LONG DAY’S JOURNEY INTO NIGHT (Bermuda
Festival of Performing Arts); CORNELIUS (59E59 Theatre, New York); LA CAGE
AUX FOLLES (Aarhus Teater, Denmark).
Opera & Dance credits include: LA BOHÉME; DIE FLEDERMAUS (Opera Holland
Park); MY FIRST BALLET: SLEEPING BEAUTY; MY FIRST BALLET: SWAN LAKE
(English National Ballet); EGLE THE QUEEN OF SERPENTS (Lithuania National
Opera & Ballet, Choreo: George Williamson); ALICE’S ADVENTURES IN
WONDERLAND (Royal Opera House); LE DONNE CURIOSE (GSMD); LAKME
(Opera Holland Park); FIDELIO & VERT VERT (Garsington); ARIANNA IN CRETE
(Royal College of Music).
Awards and Nominations: Winner of 2014 Off West End Award for Best Lighting
Designer (TITANIC & LIZZIE SIDDAL); Winner of 2012 Off West End Award for
Best Lighting Designer (MACK AND MABEL); Winner of 2011 Off West End Award
for Best Lighting Designer.
Training: Physics at Manchester University and Theatre Arts at Bretton Hall College. Martin worked for three years with Cheek by Jowl theatre company.
Opera Credits: recent productions include A Midsummer Night’s Dream at the Barbican, Feeks for Opera Holland in the Netherlands. Romeo et Juliette for Operosa in Bulgaria and Mitridate, Re di Ponto for Classical Opera Company at Sadler’s Wells and Buxton Festival. For OHP Martin has directed La Wally, Francesca da Rimini, Un Ballo in Maschera, La Gioconda, l’Amore dei Tre Re, The Queen of Spades, Andrea Chenier, Le Nozze di Figaro, Stiffelio and Don Giovanni. For Mid Wales Opera Falstaff, Le Nozze di Figaro, La Bohème, Rigoletto and La Traviata. For GSMD productions include Rita/Iolanta, Cherubin, The King Goes Forth to France, La Vie Parisienne, Capriccio, the British premiere of Dove’s The Little Green Swallow, the UK premiere of The Aspern Papers (RPS Award nominee); BYO includes The Rape of Lucretia, Flight, Cosi fan tutte; Garden Opera La Bohème, Cosi fan tutte, Cenerentola, Don Giovanni, Carmen, The Barber of Seville amongst many others; Essential Scottish Opera; the premiere of Spirit Child for Lontano; Carmen, The Mikado Penang State Festival; RPS award-winning premiere of On London Fields with HMDT.
Other Credits: theatre work includes The Articulate Hand at The Wellcome Trust and TEDMED, Wallace and Gromit: Alive on Stage on tour and the West End.
Future Plans: include Zanetto/Gianni Schicchi for OHP and Don Giovanni for Mid Wales Opera.
Sir Thomas Bertram
Martha studied at Durham University and the Royal College of Music International Opera School. Whilst at the RCM she was awarded the Susan Chilcott Scholarship by the Royal Philharmonic Society. She was also supported in her studies by the Baroness de Turckheim award, an MBF award, the Marjorie and Dorothy Whyte Memorial Award, Sophie’s Silver Lining Fund and the Josephine Baker Trust.
Recent roles include Melanto/Amore “Il ritorno d’Ulisse in patria” (English Touring Opera), Dorabella “Cosi fan tutte” (West Green Opera), Lisetta “Il Mondo Della Luna” (“Life on the Moon” for English Touring Opera and also Forum Sinfonietta, Sédières), Goffredo “Rinaldo” (Longborough Festival Opera) and Lady in Waiting/solo 2nd witch “Macbeth” (Scottish Opera). Other work includes Nancy “Albert Herring” (ETO), Sandman “Hänsel und Gretel” (cover: Glyndebourne Touring Opera), Countess Ceprano/Paggio “Rigoletto” (Opéra-Théâtre Limoges) and Olga “Eugene Onegin” (Bury Court Opera). Roles whilst at RCM include Zweite Dame in “Die Zauberflöte”, Cupid in “Orpheus in the Underworld” and Dorabella “Cosi Fan Tutte”.
Sarah Pring studied at London’s Guildhall School of Music and Drama and National Opera Studio. She began her career at Glyndebourne, gaining the Sir John Christie Award, and also the ESSO Touring Award. Her performance as Annina La traviata in Richard Eyre’s production for the Royal Opera House is available on Opus Arte DVD/Blu-ray. She recently made her debut with Oper Stuttgart and other companies she has worked with include Opéra de Caen, Chelsea Opera Group, English National Opera, Glyndebourne Festival Opera, Grange Park Opera, Nevill Holt Opera, Opera Holland Park, Opera North, Scottish Opera, Welsh National Opera and Singapore Lyric Opera, her repertoire including Mrs Grose The Turn of the Screw, Mrs Alexander Satyagraha, Mother / Witch Hansel and Gretel, Mamma Lucia Cavalleria Rusticana, Marcellina Le nozze di Figaro, Zita Gianni Schicchi, La Frugola Il tabarro, Madam Larina Eugene Onegin, Mary Der fliegende Holländer and Fricka Das Rheingold / Die Walküre.
Born in Adelaide, Grant Doyle completed his studies at the Royal College of Music in London, and then joined the Young Artists Programme at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. Subsequent roles for the Royal Opera include Tarquinius The Rape of Lucretia, Harlequin Ariadne auf Naxos, SchaunardLa Boheme, Bello La Fanciulla del West, Demetrius A Midsummer’s Night Dream, Morales Carmen, and roles in three world premieres including Mark-Anthony Turnage’s Anna Nicole and James MacMillan’s Clemency, which he also sang for Scottish Opera.
Appearances in Europe include Demetrius and Der Einäugige Die Frau ohne Schatten at the Teatro Real in Madrid, Ned Keene Peter Grimes at the Teatro Pérez Galdós in Las Palmas and Demetrius at the Komische Oper Berlin.
In the UK he has made regular appearances with Opera North, Opera Holland Park, Garsington Opera, Glyndebourne on Tour, Scottish Opera, English Touring Opera, Opera Project and the Royal Opera House Covent Garden.
In his native Australia, Grant has appeared for State Opera of South Australia, Opera Australia, and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra.
On screen he played the lead role in the Channel 4/ABC film of The Eternity Man, (winner of the 2009 Rose d’Or Award for Best Performing Arts programme) and recorded the Forester for the BBC animated film of The Cunning Little Vixen with the Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin conducted by Kent Nagano as well as creating the role of Carlo in Judith Weir’s opera Armida for Channel 4.
Born in Surrey, Emily studied at the Royal Academy of Music, first achieving an MA with distinction and most recently a DipRAM from the prestigious Royal Academy Opera, where she learned with Elizabeth Ritchie. Opera roles include Strawberry Seller Death in Venice (Garsington Opera under Steuart Bedford), Anne Trulove The Rake’s Progress, La Fée Cendrillon, Lucia The Rape of Lucretia, Suor Genovieffa Suor Angelica (Royal Academy Opera), Fido Paul Bunyan (British Youth Opera).
Angharad Lyddon graduated from Royal Academy Opera in 2015 where her roles included Lucretia in The Rape of Lucretia & Baba the Turk The Rake’s Progress.
In 2013, she was a Jerwood Young Artist at Glyndebourne where she has performed The Woodpecker, The Cunning Little Vixen, 2nd Bridesmaid, Le Nozze di Figaro & Hermia (cover), and A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Recent operatic engagements include the role of Kate in Mike Leigh’s production of The Pirates of Penzance for English National Opera and Third Lady for Åbo Svenska Theater, Finland.
Winner of 3rd Prize at the Das Lied International Song Competion in Berlin, Angharad is also a Samling Artist and was a member of the Academy’s Song Circle performing recitals at Wigmore Hall, the Holywell Music Rooms and the Sage Gateshead. Recent concert highlights include Mahler’s Das Lied von der Erde with Bristol Symphony Orchestra and Handel’s Messiah at the Royal Albert Hall.
Henry graduated from the Royal Academy of Music Opera course, before which he held a choral scholarship at St John’s College, Cambridge. He was the winner of the 2016 Royal Overseas League Singers Prize along with multiple other national awards including a Sybil Tutton Opera Award. Recent concert performances include appearances at the Oxford and Leeds Lieder festivals, Wigmore Hall, Cadogan Hall, Two Moors Festival, Edinburgh festival, St James’s Piccadilly concert series, St John’s Smith Square with the London Mozart Players as well as festivals across the Netherlands. He has appeared on BBC3’s In Tune as well as a song recital on Dutch National Radio 4 and last November performed the bass solos in the Messiah at the Royal Albert Hall.
Operatic roles include: ‘Conte’ at the Hackney Empire under Jane Glover, ‘Friquet’ in Offenbach’s Vert Vert under David Parry at Garsington Opera, ‘Smirnov’ in Walton’s the Bear with Royal academy Opera, ‘Marquese’ in La Traviata with West Green House Opera, ‘Quince’ in A Midsummer Night’s Dream with Shadwell Opera and most recently played the lead Baritone role in English Touring Opera’s modern commission Silver Electra.
This summer he will play the Role of ‘Figaro’ in Le Nozze di Figaro with Clonter Opera and performs a recital of Schubert, Mahler, Wolf and Weir with Simon Lepper at the North Norfolk Music Festival.
Jeni Bern is a graduate of the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama and the Opera School of the Royal College of Music, where she was the winner of many major awards and prizes, including the prestigious President Emerita Award.
Her varied operatic roles include Lilli Vanessi/Katherine in Kiss Me Kate (Opera North and Welsh National Opera); Susie Trevor in Lady, Be Good! (Teatro de la Zarzuela); Paquette Candide (Théâtre du Châtelet, Teatro alla Scala and Hyogo Performing Arts Centre, Japan); Tytania A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Musetta La bohème, Woglinde & Woodbird Der Ring des Nibelungen, Susanna The Marriage of Figaro, Trixie Let ‘em Eat Cake and La Princesse L’enfant et les sortilèges (Opera North); Emma Jones Street Scene (Opéra de Toulon); Mabel The Pirates of Penzance, Yum Yum The Mikado, Sophie Der Rosenkavalier and Amor Orpheus & Eurydice (English National Opera) and Amour Orphée et Eurydice (Welsh National Opera). Roles for the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden include Guardian of the Threshold Die Frau ohne Schatten, First Heavenly Voice Palestrina and Blumenmädchen Parsifal.
Concert platform highlights include Teixeira’s Te Deum (The Sixteen); Cupid in Purcell’s King Arthur (Gabrieli Consort) and Finzi’s Dies Natalies (St. Gallen Bachchor).
Possessing a voice described by Opéra Magazine as one that “offers a balance of exciting sureness and incredible force,” Soprano Shelley Jackson has established herself as a quickly rising artist at international opera houses in both Europe and the US. The 2016 – 2017 season sees Ms. Jackson’s role and house debut as Mimi in La bohème at the Salzburger Landestheater, conducted by Mirga Gražinytė-Tyla, as well as her house debut at the Teatro Massimo in Palermo, Italy as Micaëla in the Calixto Bieito production of Carmen. Last season saw Ms. Jackson’s final year with the International Opera Studio of Opernhaus Zürich, where she made role debuts as Musetta in a new production of La bohème and Micaëla in Carmen. She also returned to Santa Fe Opera as the Italian Singer in Capriccio, directed by Tim Albery, and to cover the role of Juliette in Roméo et Juliette.
Additional highlights as a studio member at Opernhaus Zürich include the leading role of Song- Lian in the world premiere production of Rote Laterne by Christian Jost, the covers of Cecilia Bartoli as Countess Adele in Le comte Ory, Diana Damrau as Adina in L’elisir d’amore, and Giulietta in a new production of I Capuleti ed i Montecchi led by Fabio Luisi, as well as Maid Marian in Robin Hood and die Vertraute in Elektra.
Born in West Sussex, Nick Pritchard read music as a choral scholar at New College, Oxford and studied with Russell Smythe at the Royal College of Music International Opera School (RCMIOS) where he was the recipient of the Eric Joseph Shilling Prize. He was awarded the London Bach Society Singer’s Prize in 2013 and is currently a Samling Artist.
Nick has appeared at Opera Holland Park, Iford Arts under Christian Curnyn, Paulino The Secret Marriage for British Youth Opera (for which he won the Dame Hilda Bracket award from Sadler’s Wells), Brighton Early Music Festival, Opera North, Aldeburgh, The Royal Opera, Handel House with La Nuova Musica under Laurence Cummings, ETO and the Classical Opera Company.
Current and future engagements include Haydn’s Paukenmesse with Stephen Cleobury, the Choir of King’s College, Cambridge and the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, Mozart’s Requiem for The Three Choirs Festival with Simon Halsey and the Philharmonia Orchestra, Coridon Acis and Galatea with John Butt and the Dunedin Consort, Britten’s Les Illuminations and Serenade with L’Orchestre de Chambre de Paris with Adrien Perruchon, Bach’s St John Passion with both the BBC National Orchestra of Wales under John Butt (arias) and Polyphony and the OAE under Stephen Layton (Evangelist), and the role of Lysander A Midsummer Night’s Dream for the Aldeburgh Festival.
London-born Oliver Johnston graduated from The Royal Academy of Music Opera Programme where he won many awards including a Countess of Munster Scholarship and the prestigious Maidment Scholarship. He was a member of the 2016 Young Singers Project at the Salzburg Festival.
Oliver has appeared at Opera North, Garsington Opera, Glyndebourne and Opera National de Lyon where his operatic roles have included Stroh Intermezzo, Novice Billy Budd and Lucano/Solider L’incoronazione di Poppea.
His concert appearances include Billy Budd with Sir Mark Elder in New York, 2nd Nazarene Salome with the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra and Kirill Karabits, at venues including London’s Wigmore Hall, Kings Place, and at the London Handel, Chichester and Aldeburgh Festivals. Most recently he appeared at the Last Night of the Proms in Vaughan-Williams’ Serenade to Music under Sakari Oramo.
Future engagements include returns to Scottish Opera and Garsington Opera and Mozart’s Requiem at Birmingham Symphony Hall.
THE BERTRAMS OBSERVED
In which we meet the inhabitants of Mansfield Park.
In which we discover that Miss Mary Crawford has twenty thousand pounds and that Mr Henry Crawford is not handsome.
Sir Thomas Bertram’s Farewell
In which Sir Thomas Bertram leaves for Antigua.
In which Mr Rushworth proposes a trip to Sotherton, his estate.
In the Wilderness
In which the estate is explored.
Music and Astronomy
In which songs are sung and stars observed.
In which Amateur Theatricals are undertaken.
In which Edmund’s resolution is tested.
The Rehearsal Interrupted
In which Sir Thomas returns.
Independence and Splendour, or, Twelve Thousand a Year
In which happiness is defined.
A View of a Wedding
In which a wedding is celebrated, a honeymoon begun, a revelation made and plot hatched.
Preparations for a Ball
In which Miss Fanny Price accepts a present from Miss Mary Crawford.
In which partners are chosen.
In which the Bertram family are variously surprised, delighted, disappointed, confused and outraged.
In which much ink is spilt.
Follies and Grottoes
In which the Rushworths meet an old acquaintance.
A Newspaper Paragraph
In which occurs a matrimonial fracas.
In which Mr Edmund Bertram declares his feelings to his future bride.
Born in 1959, Dove’s early musical experience came from playing the piano, organ and viola. Later he studied composition with Robin Holloway at Cambridge and, after graduation, worked as a freelance accompanist, repetiteur, animateur and arranger...Read More
Born in 1959, Dove’s early musical experience came from playing the piano, organ and viola. Later he studied composition with Robin Holloway at Cambridge and, after graduation, worked as a freelance accompanist, repetiteur, animateur and arranger. His early professional experience gave him a deep understanding of singers and the complex mechanics of the opera house. Opera and the voice have been the central priorities in Dove’s output throughout his subsequent career.
Starting with his breakthrough opera Flight, commissioned by Glyndebourne in 1998, Dove has gone on to write over twenty operatic works. In 2010 A Song of Joys for chorus and orchestra opened the festivities at the Last Night of the Proms. Throughout his career Dove has made a serious commitment to community development through innovative musical projects. His 2012 opera Life is a Dream, was performed by professionals and community choruses in a disused Birmingham warehouse, and a church opera involving community singers The Walk from the Garden was premiered at Salisbury Cathedral.
2015 brought the world premieres of The Day After, commissioned and produced by Holland Opera with a libretto by April de Angelis, a post-Apocalyptic setting of the myth of Phaeton written specifically to be performed outside; and The Monster in the Maze, a new opera for children, young people and adults, with a libretto by Alasdair Middleton, commissioned by the Berliner Philharmoniker, London Symphony Orchestra, and Festival d’Art Lyrique d’Aix-en-Provence, and led by Sir Simon Rattle and Simon Halsey.
Alasdair Middleton was born in Yorkshire and trained at the Drama Centre, London. His work as a librettist includes: with Jonathan Dove – The Monster in the Maze (Berliner Philharmoniker, London Symphony Orchestra...Read More
Alasdair Middleton was born in Yorkshire and trained at the Drama Centre, London.
His work as a librettist includes: with Jonathan Dove – The Monster in the Maze (Berliner Philharmoniker, London Symphony Orchestra, Aix-en-Provence Festival), Diana and Actaeon (Royal Ballet), The Walk From The Garden (Aegeas Salisbury International Arts Festival), Life Is A Dream (Birmingham Opera), Mansfield Park (Heritage Opera), Swanhunter (Opera North),
The Enchanted Pig (The Young Vic, ROH2), The Adventures of Pinocchio (Opera North), and the cantata On Spital Fields (Spitalfields Festival, winner of a Royal Philharmonic Society Award;
The Feathered Friend. He has written four plays; Aeschylean Nasty, Shame On You Charlotte, Casta Diva and Einmal.